The ancient world was home to several wonders. This was a period that consisted of very amazing acts that the person of today wonders how they came into existent. The term ancient world refers to the period the fifth century CE and the Eighth century BCE.

During this period, there were various cultures that existed in different parts of the world. The Greco-Roman world, which consisted of the communities that lived around the Mediterranean Sea held seven unbelievable elements.

How a Phenomenon is categorized as a Wonder of the World

During the ancient period, people travelled for various purposes. The site indicates that some moved to trade, others travelled for diplomacy purposes, while others journeyed for war reasons. During their journey, they would point out different marvels. Greeks used the word theamata to refer to these unbelievable sights

The Greek historian, Diodorus Siculus, was the first to come up with the list consisting of the seven wonders. After this list came into existent, others followed suit. Philo of Byzantium and Antipater of Sidon were among the people who produced lists later. Antipater was a poet while Philo was a mathematician.

Nonetheless, all these lists consisted of structures that were located in the Middle East as well as in the Mediterranean. The structures in the list include:

  1. The Great Pyramid located at Giza, Egypt
  2. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  3. The Statue of Zeus which is found at Olympia, Greece
  4. The Temple of Artemis that is situated at Ephesus
  5. The Mausoleum that is located at Halicarnassus
  6. The Colossus of Rhodes
  7. The Lighthouse of Alexandria; found in Egypt.

All these wonders all existed at the same time for about sixty years. Of all of them, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the only structure that still stands today.

The Great Pyramid of Giza

For those that have no idea what the Pyramid of Giza is, it is the tomb where Pharaoh Khufu was buried. The pyramid had a height of one hundred and forty-six and a half meters and took between ten to twenty years to build. Its construction ended around 2560 BCE. Even though no one is quite sure how the pyramid was put up, several studies done by different scientists hold that large stones were crafted in the quarry and transported to the construction site by being dragged. They were then lifted into place. Historians also agree with this notion.

Some smooth parts of the stone surface which were fixed at the foundation are still visible up to date. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are now believed to be a myth since there is no record of them in the Babylonian texts. In addition, there is no trace of them at the site.

The Temple of Artemis was constructed as a dedication for Artemis. Artemis was a goddess who represented hills, forests, hunt, archery and the moon. In the seventh century, the temple was built and brought down three times. It was brought down by flood, damaged by arsonist Herostratus and by Christians.

The Statue of Zeus was constructed with gold, ivory and wood. It had a height of thirteen meters and was decorated with precious stones and ebony. It was built by Phidias during 435 BCE and later brought down intentionally.

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is a tomb which was built for Mausolus. It was covered with famous Persian stories. The Colossus of Rhodes was a representation of Helios, the Greek sun-god. The Lighthouse of Alexandria came into existence at around 250 BCE during Ptolemy II Philadelphus reign.

All these structures are unbelievable pieces that existed in the world at one point. Even though some of them do not exist today, they will forever be remembered because of their unique characteristics.